Haugesunds history 1850-2000

Haugesund the city because of the herring. In the 1840′s, over 20,000 men in the herring fishery on the Plain just outside Haugesund. Herring had salted before it was exported, and in Haugesund was good port for the herring trade, fish processing and export.

When Haugesund received city status in 1854, the city got the right to import and export of all goods merchant at home and abroad. Each year, hundreds of thousands of barrels of salt herring sold abroad, mostly to the Baltic Sea. Herring gave good profits were invested in improved fishing gear and larger vessels. The city’s fleet grew from 36 vessels in 1856 to 314 in 1876.

Young people from the South and West Coast moved to the herring adventure in Haugesund. The population rose, from about 100 in 1845 to over 1000 in 1855, to over 3000 in 1865! The population continued to rise steadily with a thousand for each decade so that it lived over 7000 people in the town center in 1900. Urban society was established in record time. Numerous warehouses with salting and housing was set up by the outdoor. It was made a grand plan that was later extended. The first fifty years, quarters filled with homes, businesses and institutions. The city got the customs chamber, treasurer, magisterial, municipal, school, church, police, health care, poor care, fløttmann, post office and telegraph station.

herring as base sprang up other industries. When the herring disappeared in 1870, the city had more legs to stand on. Herring Exporters equipped fleet and sailed for England Hunting and Fishing Island and drove the foreign trade in freight. Herring breeding evolved towards the end of the century from salting to icing, and vessels from sail to steam. Tradesmen and artisans working in a growing market. It grew out of small industries such as manufacturing of oil garments for sailors and fishermen. Urban society sought agriculture and road construction in 1860 – and 1870′s opened up for commercial agriculture in the district.

Source:

Karmsund Folk Museum